Haiti Democracy Project


Lavalas Government Plan, continued from part 1 | Return to part 1

Major Results Expected

Objective 2004

The Major Axis

First Axis:

Infrastructure and Communications Organization Fanmi Lavalas has retained the communal section, the smallest territorial unit, as the basis for its actions. Thus, in the framework of extension of the nation road network it has opted to disenclave and interconnect the 565 communal sections. All initiatives in the sector of infrastructures shall be guided by the concern to facilitate access to basic social services (education, health) and economic trade (agriculture and industrial production, tourism, crafts, commerce).

Organization Fanmi Lavalas deems it fundamental to establish a certain number of conditions to guarantee the sustainability of the interventions to be undertaken. The most important are:

a) the participation of local leaders and communities in the beneficiary regions;

b) partnerships between the State and private investment groups for the provision of services (production, commercialization and management);

c) the presence of small and midsize construction firms to encash human resources in each department;

d) the encashment of national savings and foreign capital.

On this last point, the Organization intends to first identify the national sources of funding, in particular Public Treasury funds and use them as efficiently as necessary to reach its objectives.

The Organization will actively seek private partners (big investors, small and mid-sized businesses, individuals or potential shareholders) interested in investing in services such as electricity, potable water, construction of industrial complexes and tourist resorts... It will pursue negotiations with the bilateral and multilateral agencies that are willing to continue their support of this sector and will actively seek out new alliances.

The Organization's concerns do not stop at rehabilitating existing infrastructures and constructing new ones. It also intends to develop the country's capacity for maintenance to avoid having to constantly start over and prevent countless losses of investments. It's aim is to meet an enormous challenge: Building and Maintenance for sustained development.

Under "Infrastructure" Fanmi Lavalas includes the following sub-sectors:

Roads and construction works Ports and airports Transportation and Traffic Housing Public Buildings Energy Potable Water Drainage and Sanitation Objective 2004

Second Axis: National Production

The reactivation of national production is necessary to provide a solid and stable basis for the economy. Only national production can provide the bulk of durable employment needed to build the society of peace envisioned by Fanmi Lavalas and guarantee the State's income. Agriculture, fishing and aquaculture, industry, crafts and tourism are the main components of this sector.


The objective of the agricultural policy developed by the Organization targets in particular: the increase of producer income, the improvement of food security, the reduction of imports of staple goods and the increase of hard currency income through the development of export crafts. The areas of intervention prioritized by this policy should dynamize production in the sub-sector of staple crafts, export crafts and cattle breeding, by intervening simultaneously on the intensification and expansion of the space cultivated. Moreover, in order to reach these objectives, the Organization deems that the State agencies and instruments in charge of implementing the agricultural development program must be redefined and dynamized.

The major axis of intervention to be retained involves water management, the pursuit of agricultural reform, valorizing farming as a profession, direct support to production, support to product marketing, the development of new areas of export, the reinforcement of the research-training-development axis and support to the agricultural world.

Fishing and Aquaculture

Given the vital role they are meant to play in the area of food security, the income of producers and the global economic welfare of the country's population, the Organization will give special attention to the management and rational exploitation of fisheries as well as to the responsible development of aquaculture within the framework of this program.


The commercial policy of Fanmi Lavalas will be inserted in the global framework of the country's economic recovery and the significant reduction of underemployment and unemployment.

The country's comparative advantages must come into play in the resources directed towards profitable economic activities. At the same time, the relationship between economic agents and the State must be improved by significantly simplifying administrative procedures, and fighting against the arbitrary and corruption in the giving and controlling of privileges.

In the area of commerce, five (5) major actions are envisaged, they are:

  • the restructuring of assistance to the distribution networks;
  • the implementation of a strategy for the substitution of import product;
  • the penetration of new markets to increase the export of Haitian products
  • the liberation of markets from all forms of corruption;
  • the fight against the high cost of living.


According to entrepreneurs working in the sector, Haiti now has the extraordinary potential of becoming "the dragon of the Americas." Haiti must use all means available to become in the short term, a place of convergence not only for North-American and European investors but also for our Caribbean neighbors and most certainly for investors from Southeast Asia.

The new formula of the US CBI Act, which focuses on the textile industry allows Haiti to capitalize in the short and long terms. It must be immediately taken advantage of to spearhead Haitian industry and exports. Indeed, the ability to cut their fabrics in Haiti will encourage North American companies to relocate in the country.

In the area of industry, Fanmi Lavalas will achieve the following:

  • the upgrading of local industry;
  • the implementation of free zones;

The upgrading of local industry will be achieved by:

i) supporting the development of industries with strong local added value;

ii) promotion of competition;

iii) providing investment security and protection;

The implementation of free zones: Fanmi Lavalas will favor the creation of free zones throughout the country. These free zones will be established according to the land management plan so as to constitute poles of economic and especially social development. An investment code will be elaborated to fix taxes for the industrial concerns involved in the human development process grafted on the following: housing, electricity, potable water, education, health, specialized professional training according to the needs. These free zones should be models of partnerships between the private and public sectors, and beneficial for Labor.


Fanmi Lavalas intends to put in place an aggressive program for the promotion of crafts since this is an area where the country has invaluable comparative advantages in the region. This involves a systematic search for outlets for the sector's products. These activities will be closely associated with those undertaken for tourist items through:

  • the country's diplomatic and consular representations
  • participation in international trade fairs
  • organizing local and regional trade fairs.


In order to make this sector of activity sustainable and dynamic, Fanmi Lavalas will base its tourist policy on five (5) specific axis:

a) setting up a normalized environment favorable to investments in the tourist industry;

b) finding partners-investors;

c) showcasing the country's heritage;

d) developing accommodation infrastructures;

e) improving know-how in matters of tourist management.


To date, little is known about the country's mineral resources whose systemic mining could give a vigorous impulse to the national development process.

Simultaneously with the industrial mining of the major lodes that have already been found, the Organization favors the integration of crafts from small mines and the derivatives of traditional washed-gold items that have existed since the discovery of Haiti. This will allow to put in place operational mechanisms to liberate the sector and facilitate its real development. To do so, the Organization will call upon experts in the field to provide training and technical support to the craftsmen.


Based on a document entitled "Plan d'Action pour L'Environment" (Plan of Action for the Environment) published in May in 1999 by the Ministry of Environment, the Organization will pursue its reflection to arrive at:

a) a truly decentralized approach wherein the local powers must play an essential role;

b) the development of a set of legal instruments unambiguously setting the respective roles of the Central State, its various sectors and local authorities in managing the environment;

c) the establishment of sources of income from the exploitation of natural resources to provide local authorities with significant and stable means of action in this specific area;

d) coordination, in coming and outgoing control and assessment of the actions of a multitude of non-governmental actors who often have access to major financial resources acquired in the name of the sector.

Third Axis: Education

The Organization's education policy stresses the optimal development of young Haitian's intelligence, their ability to access the knowledge and skills of the modern world, and reorganize these to the dimension of their talents so that they may fully participate in the (re)construction of their country... This involves a total revalorization of the Haitian's multi-learnedness.

This revalorization requires:

a) universal access to fundamental schools for children between the ages of 6 and 12, to bring up the net rate of schooled children from 67 to more than 90% between now and the year 2004;

b) developing in young people the ability to create freedom of enterprise, a taste for production and the furthest pursuit of the basic training acquired in fundamental school, in a technical, professional, scientific or artistic field;

c) the participation of all in raising the educational level of the country's disadvantaged populations and fostering a culture of peace and tolerance.

Fanmi Lavalas will orient the actions of the education sector from the National Plan for Education and Training, a reference document developed by the Ministry of National Education...

The Organization will take care to define a specific framework of partnership with the private education sector which currently supplies 89% of the demand. This partnership will give privilege to those operators who wish to actively participate in the improvement of the quality of education in Haiti.

Priority actions...take into account school age children and specifically target: school infrastructures, universal schooling, implementation of the new secondary cycle, curricula development, health-nutrition and the beginning of the school year.

Professional training is one of the means by which Fanmi Lavalas plans on reaching its objective of increased productivity...This involves endowing the country with a significant number of skilled laborers, and middle management personnel to allow businesspeople to seek, both at the regional and world levels, operations contracts with strong added value for the production of high quality goods and services.

The Fanmi Lavalas objective is to facilitate the Haitian student in accessing a good grade of higher eduction, comparable to that of the region's postgraduate institutions...It will also stimulate public and private institutions to modernize, to improve teacher profile, to develop partnerships with other universities in the region to engage in educational activities or joint Programs.


The Organization's policy aims at allowing unschooled citizens, especially in the 15 to 45 age group, to actively participate in constructing the new Haitian society, generally guaranteeing to all the full exercise of their constitutional rights, and to provide underprivileged citizens with sustained technical assistance leading to their own development. Thus, such a policy will lead a literate person to:

a) learn the skills he/she needs to actively participate in his/her community's social and economic development, and,

b) to play his role as a responsible citizen with maximum clairvoyance, aware of the task to be performed to bring the country out its underdevelopment.

Along those same lines, the objectives of Fanmi Lavalas is to lower the illiteracy rate currently at 55%, down to 35% in 2004 and to 20% between now and 2006. This effort will be coupled with the knowledge and skills learned by the learners. By creating original partnerships between the State and socio-professional groups such as: grassroots groups, socio-professional organizations, territorial assemblies, schools and universities, human and financial resources will be mobilized to reach the desired objective.

Fourth Axis: Health

As health is an essential condition to well-being, Organization Fanmi Lavalas wishes to provide it to the population. For this reason, health is a priority sector of its social program. Its policy on this issue is above all based on preventing the causes of physical and mental illness in general and of diseases in particular. The organization firmly believes that the population's health is first conditional upon:

  • a healthy, balanced and sufficient diet
  • decent housing in a healthy and pleasant environment
  • adequate practice of the elementary rules of hygiene both in private and in public
  • responsible civic behavior resulting from adequate knowledge of the main causes of most common diseases, notably those that are said to be infectious and transmissible.

The first two conditions will be met on the one hand by a decent level of income which can only be provided by access to employment for the great majority of the population, and on the other, by a sound management of the environment, of drainage and sanitation infrastructures, as well as solid and liquid waste and potable water.

The last two can only be achieved through a process of formal and informal education. Therefore, the sectors of economic and social activities as a whole must contribute to create the essential conditions for maintaining the population's health.

In this view, the Organization will convene and network all of the agents of a geographic area: the complementary and synergy of their actions, their skills and resources will have a multiplying effect on the results and impact of their interventions.

In this perspective of optimal coverage of the country at large, it is imperative to rationalize the health card by ensuring the distribution of health care centers, an adequate definition of their vocation and their progressive endowment with the appropriate resources. The new health system, with its structural organization and the rational use of its resources, will allow the State to translate into concrete action along with its national and international partners, its determination to promote quality health care and make it available to the population, especially the most vulnerable groups such as women and children.

Fifth Axis: Justice and Public Security

According to Fanmi Lavalas, the struggle for a country of laws requires massive education of the population in matters of justice and in-depth reorganization of the justice system, the central pillar of public safety.

The organization's policy revolves around the following three (3) major axis:

  • the democratization of justice
  • the protection of human rights
  • the reinforcement of institutional governance

The democratization of justice...implies a profound modification of the relationship to law, the reversal of the tendency to disaffect the population towards the legal institution, respect for the decision of the judiciary and arbitration bodies, and the non circumvention of the rule as pertains to the application of the law or arbitration.

The Organization intends to bring the country to a state of healthy, equitable justice, accessible to all, administered by a legal system that fulfills the major prerequisites of the modern world.

The Organization's policy in this area consists of a reform movement both on the level of law and that of the organization of justice so as to modernize all at once the legal and the judiciary, adjusting them to the international standards subscribed to by the country to fight against impunity in order to restore trust in justice to those justiciable and to reinforce the State in the area of social regulation.

The Organization intends to approach the human rights issue in a very wide manner, far beyond the strict dimension of law enforcement in order to ensure the safety of the population as a whole.

The Organization's policy in matters of public safety is closely linked to the professionalization of the national police, the organization of a community police system, the removal of impunity, the fight against serious crime.

The reinforcement of Institutional Governance must be observed by both the Ministry and the Judiciary system. This reinforcement comprises three aspects: internal management, decentralization/decongestion of the judiciary administration and human resource.

Major Results Expected

1. Real Economy

a) the creation of 500,000 stable jobs in the public and private sectors;

b) the establishment of some fifty public/private partnership contracts for the production, commercialization and management of electrical energy, the management of ports and airports, land, sea and air transportation, the development of the housing sub-sector, the management of the State's heavy equipment, the regulation of the financial sector and the field of telecommunications;

c) a 30% increase in nutritional self-sufficiency (net);

d) the organization of savings and loan cooperatives and the mobilization of their assets through a cooperative bank where they hold a majority of the shares;

e) the creation of economic groups in the Tenth Department (Miami, New York, Montreal, New Orleans, Paris...) that could increase investments by at least 50%.

f) the reorganization of some fifteen diplomatic representations of Haiti abroad (Taipei, Brussels, Berlin, Rome, Washington, Santo-Domingo, CARICOM, Scandinavian countries...) so that they may play an active economic role;

g) an increase in the GNP's growth rate from 1.2% in 1999/2000 to an average minimum annual level of 4%;

However, significant efforts will be made to surpass this rate;

h) a reduction of the inflation rate from 15.3% to less than 10%;

i) a reduction of the unemployment rate from 60% to approximately 45%.

2. Infrastructure and Related Services

a) the generation of an additional 348 MW of electric energy and the reduction of losses to less than 20%;

b) the improvement, rehabilitation and construction of more than 3.500 km, of secondary and tertiary roads and 2000 km. of primary roads; and the opening of new roads in order to link the 565 communal sections with each other;

c) the renovation of at least five (5) national airports and the up sizing of Cap Haitian's international airport; the rehabilitation of the Port-au-Prince Airport; and the renewal of the national air freight carrier's activities;

d) the improvement of urban and inter-urban transportation services with the rehabilitation of five (5) coasting ports, the expansion of Service Plus activities, the installation of five (5) ferry boat wharves in the Bay of Port-au-Prince;

e) social communication: national coverage through state media (radio or television);

f) telecommunications: increase the one hundred thousand (100,000) existing telephone lines to four hundred and fifty thousand between now and 2006;

g) potable water 200 community distribution points in the rural areas and the rehabilitation of 60 urban systems;

h) a health care center in each communal section;

i) a functional fundamental school (1st and 2nd cycles) in each communal section;

j) ten functional sports centers;

k) four (4) large correctional facilities;

l) a functional tribunal in each commune;

m) eleven thousand five hundred and twenty (11,520) housing units;

n) the sanitizing of the nine department's chief towns through the rehabilitation of the drainage networks.

3. Social

By opting for this strategy, Organization Fanmi Lavalas intends to reverse the tendency of negative indicators and accelerate the recovery of those already inflected. In the next five years, it aims at improving Haiti's position in the classification of countries with a low index of human development, or:

a) increase the population's access to healthcare from a rate of 45% to 80%;

b) increase the population's access to potable water:

  1. from a rate of 16% to 70% in rural areas
  2. from a rate of 44% to 80% in urban areas

c) increase the rate of schooling from 67% to at least 90%;

d) increase the rate of literacy from 45% to 80%.

Objective 2004

In 2004, Haiti will commemorate the bicentennial of its Independence. The Organization will work so that all the sons and daughters of this country may together, rebuild the identification strategy stemming from 1804, and thus make a significant mark on this unique date. The main theme retained by the Organization to orient the events of this commemoration is that of identity in durability. Indeed, if the ancestors did not consider the quality of materials when building ht efforts during the war of Independence, the testimonials of our past wood be less eloquent. These forts constitute a lasting heritage we are proud of. For the organization, the strength of building an emancipating identity is linked to stone. The bicentennial of our Independence will remind us of the stone our past of strife is built on and will care in stone our present and the future we wish to create in peace.

Fanmi Lavalas is indeed convinced that the power to change the present resides in a new reading of this country's history. Today, the duty of every XXIst century Haitian is to learn constantly, to study his land's history in depth in order to continue the work of the founding fathers. However, he/she must take care to avoid both internal and external dangers, to develop strategies inspired by the struggle of our brothers of America, Africa or Asia in the pursuit of well-being.

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